american Us Navy - United States Navy SS John L. Motley (+1943)
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  Details  
 
general
nationality american
purpose transport
type cargo ship
subtype/class Liberty EC2-S-C1
Liberty EC2-S-C1 Richard Montgomery SS [+1944]
propulsion steam
date built 1943
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 7176  grt
dimensions 134.6 x 17.4 x 8.43 m
material steel
engine Two oil-fired boilers, triple expansion steam engine, single screw, 2,500 horsepower (1,864 kW)
armament 1 x stern mounted 4"/102 mm deck gun
power 339  n.h.p.
speed 11.2  knots
yard no. 986
about the loss
cause lost explosion
other reasons air raid
date lost 02/12/1943  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.63rank: 573
about people
builder
Bethlehem Fairfield Shipbuilding Corp. Ltd. - Bethlehem Steel, Fairfield
owner
Us Navy - United States Navy
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 30/01/2011
last update Lettens Jan
last update 14/02/2013
 
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  History  
 
Lettens Jan30/01/2011The John L. Motley had grim luck on her trip to the Mediterranean. On August 8, calcium carbine had caused an explosion and fire on board. Then came her end at Bari.

There were only five survivors from her Armed Guards, and 30 of the merchant crew were missing or dead. Four of her survivors were ashore. It was reported that three bombs hit the ship.
ref. used 
  history.navy.mil
Lettens Jan30/01/2011BARI BOMBING DISASTER, 2 December 1943

The German air attack on Bari, Italy opened at 1925 hours 2nd December 1943, with bombers (105 Ju-88s) hitting allied merchants unloading supplies for the forces engaged in the battle for Rome.

Fire on ammunition ships John Harvey and bomb hits on John L. Motley caused massive detonations which shattered windows seven miles away. A bulk gasoline pipeline and supply were severed and the gushing fuel ignited engulfing other ships.

Seventeen merchant ships laden with nearly 35,000 tons of cargo were destroyed (5 American, 5 British, 3 Norwegian, 2 Italian, 2 Polish, with another 7 vessels heavily damaged). The port area was closed for three weeks and was only back in operation by February 1944. ...

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About Owners
 
Us Navy - United States Navy

John Paul Jones - An American Naval Hero and known as father of the American Navy.

John Paul was born in a gardener's cottage in Kirkbean, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland. He went to sea as a youth and was a merchant shipmaster by the age of twenty-one. After killing a mutinous sailor at Tobago he added 'Jones' to his name and began a new life in America. He volunteered early in the War of Independence to serve in his adopted country's infant navy, and managed to obtain a lieutenant's commission in the Continental Navy.

He took the war to the enemy's homeland with daring raids along the British coast and the famous victory of the BONHOMME RICHARD over the HMS SERAPIS. After the BONHOMME RICHARD began taking on water and fires broke out on board, the British commander asked Jones if he had struck his flag. Jones replied, "I have not yet begun to fight!" In the end, it was the British commander who surrendered. Jones is now remembered for his indomitable will, his unwillingness to consider surrender when the slightest hope of victory still burned.

In 1781 he returned to America and Congress passed a vote of thanks to him for the way he had sustained the honour of the American fleet and in 1787 awarded him a gold medal. He also received a gold sword and the Order of Military Merit from Louis XVI.

Throughout his naval career Jones promoted professional standards and training. He spent the remaining years of the war advising on the establishment of the navy and the training of naval officers.

In 1792 Jones was appointed U.S. Consul to Algiers, but in July of that year he died before the commission arrived. He was buried in Paris and his body lay in an alcohol filled coffin in an unmarked grave for over a century. In 1905 his remains were found and taken to the United States where, in 1913, they were finally laid to rest in a marble sarcophagus in the U.S. Naval Academy Chapel at Annapolis, Maryland

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About Builders
 Bethlehem Fairfield Shipbuilding Corp. Ltd. - Bethlehem Steel, Fairfield
Bethlehem Steel Corporation's shipbuilding division was created in 1905 when it acquired the San Francisco shipyard Union Iron Works in 1905.
In 1917 it was incorporated as Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation , Limited, otherwise known as BethShip.

Headquarters were in Quincy , Massachusetts after acquiring Fore River Shipyard in 1913 and later in Sparrows Point, Maryland in 1964.



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  History  
 
Lettens Jan30/01/2011BARI BOMBING DISASTER, 2 December 1943

The German air attack on Bari, Italy opened at 1925 hours 2nd December 1943, with bombers (105 Ju-88s) hitting allied merchants unloading supplies for the forces engaged in the battle for Rome.

Fire on ammunition ships John Harvey and bomb hits on John L. Motley caused massive detonations which shattered windows seven miles away. A bulk gasoline pipeline and supply were severed and the gushing fuel ignited engulfing other ships.

Seventeen merchant ships laden with nearly 35,000 tons of cargo were destroyed (5 American, 5 British, 3 Norwegian, 2 Italian, 2 Polish, with another 7 vessels heavily damaged). The port area was closed for three weeks and was only back in operation by February 1944.

In total, 800 crew and civilians lost their lifes in the fire, explosions and poisoning by mustard gas that was on board John Harvey.

List of ships lost:

ALLIED MERCHANTS

John Harvey (US Liberty, 7177 gt)
John L. Motley (US Liberty, 7176 gt)
John Bascom (US Liberty, 7176 gt)
Joseph Wheeler (US Liberty, 7176 gt)
Samuel J. Tilden (US Liberty, 7176 gt)
Fort Athabasca (Canadian, 7132 gt)
Fort Lajoie (Canadian, 7134 gt )
Testbank (British, 5083 gt)
Lars Kruse (British, 1897 gt)
Devon Coast (British, 646 gt)
Bollsta (Norwegian, 1832 gt)
Norlom (Norwegian, 6412 gt)
Lom (Norwegian, 1268 gt)
Lwow (Polish, 1409 gt)
Puck (Polish, 1065 gt)
Frosinone (Italian, 5202 gt)
Barletta (Italian, 1975 gt)

OTHER:
Inaffondabile (Italian)
 
 
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