american US Maritime Commission - War Shipping Administration - WSA.) SS Samuel J. Tilden (+1943)
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general
nationality american
purpose transport
type cargo ship
subtype/class Liberty EC2-S-C1
Liberty EC2-S-C1 Richard Montgomery SS [+1944]
propulsion steam
date built 1942
is nickname no
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 7176  grt
dimensions 134.6 x 17.4 x 10.6 m
material steel
engine triple expansion engine
armament armed merchantship
power 339  n.h.p.
speed 11  knots
yard no. 597
call sign
KIZE  
KIZE
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
other reasons [1] air raid
[2] scuttled
date lost 03/12/1943  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.10rank: 652
about people
builder
Kaiser Shipbuilding Co. - Oregon Shipbuilding Corp. - Kaiser Cargo Inc.
owner
US Maritime Commission - War Shipping Administration - WSA.), Washington D.C.
captain Blair
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 03/05/2009
last update Lettens Jan
last update 17/02/2013
 
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  History  
 
Lettens Jan30/01/2011The Samuel J. Tilden was bombed and then sunk by two British torpedoes to prevent danger to other ships. A bomb crashed through to the engine room at about 1920 and an incendiary bomb hit forward of the bridge. The German pilot of the attacking aircraft strafed the deck with machine gun fire.

Anti-aircraft fire from ashore also hit the ship. A searchlight was shined on the ship for seven minutes after the attack began, apparently because somebody ashore forgot to turn it off. All of the Armed Guards survived but the dead and missing among the merchant crew numbered 10 and there were also casualties to Army personnel who were on board.
ref. used: 
  history.navy.mil
Allen Tony03/05/2009The American steamship Samuel J. Tilden SS, Capt. Joseph L. Blair, was bombed and sunk by German aircraft on December 2nd, 1943, off Bari. She was carrying 209 service passengers and a deck cargo of gasoline in drums, which was ignited by the bombs. Ten of her crew and an unspecified number of passengers were lost.
ref. used: 
 Hocking C., Dictionary of Disasters at Sea during the Age of Steam
Lettens Jan30/01/2011BARI BOMBING DISASTER, 2 December 1943

The German air attack on Bari, Italy opened at 1925 hours 2nd December 1943, with bombers (105 Ju-88s) hitting allied merchants unloading supplies for the forces engaged in the battle for Rome.

Fire on ammunition ships John Harvey and bomb hits on John L. Motley caused massive detonations which shattered windows seven miles away. A bulk gasoline pipeline and supply were severed and the gushing fuel ignited engulfing other ships.

Seventeen merchant ships laden with nearly 35,000 tons of cargo were destroyed (5 American, 5 British, 3 Norwegian, 2 Italian, 2 Polish, with another 7 vessels heavily damaged). The port area was closed for three weeks and was only back in operation by February 1944. ...

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About Owners
 
US Maritime Commission - War Shipping Administration - WSA.), Washington D.C.

The United States Maritime Commission was an independent executive agency of the U.S. federal government that was created by the Merchant Marine Act of 1936, passed by Congress on June 29, 1936, and replaced the U.S. Shipping Board which had existed since World War I. It was intended to formulate a merchant shipbuilding program to design and build five hundred modern merchant cargo ships to replace the World War I vintage vessels that comprised the bulk of the U.S. Merchant Marine, and to administer a subsidy system authorized by the Act to offset the cost differential between building in the U.S. and operating ships under the American flag. It also formed the U.S. Maritime Service for the training of seagoing ship's officers to man the new fleet.

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About Builders
 Kaiser Shipbuilding Co. - Oregon Shipbuilding Corp. - Kaiser Cargo Inc.
Henry J. Kaiser, established the shipbuilding company around 1939, specifically for the merchant shipping of the United States Maritime Commission. Kaiser constructed many Liberty ships, tankers and LSTs. Shipyards were located in San Francisco, Washington and Portland. The Kaiser Shipyards shut down at the end of the war.
 
 
  History  
 
Lettens Jan30/01/2011BARI BOMBING DISASTER, 2 December 1943

The German air attack on Bari, Italy opened at 1925 hours 2nd December 1943, with bombers (105 Ju-88s) hitting allied merchants unloading supplies for the forces engaged in the battle for Rome.

Fire on ammunition ships John Harvey and bomb hits on John L. Motley caused massive detonations which shattered windows seven miles away. A bulk gasoline pipeline and supply were severed and the gushing fuel ignited engulfing other ships.

Seventeen merchant ships laden with nearly 35,000 tons of cargo were destroyed (5 American, 5 British, 3 Norwegian, 2 Italian, 2 Polish, with another 7 vessels heavily damaged). The port area was closed for three weeks and was only back in operation by February 1944.

In total, 800 crew and civilians lost their lifes in the fire, explosions and poisoning by mustard gas that was on board John Harvey.

List of ships lost:

ALLIED MERCHANTS

John Harvey (US Liberty, 7177 gt)
John L. Motley (US Liberty, 7176 gt)
John Bascom (US Liberty, 7176 gt)
Joseph Wheeler (US Liberty, 7176 gt)
Samuel J. Tilden (US Liberty, 7176 gt)
Fort Athabasca (Canadian, 7132 gt)
Fort Lajoie (Canadian, 7134 gt )
Testbank (British, 5083 gt)
Lars Kruse (British, 1897 gt)
Devon Coast (British, 646 gt)
Bollsta (Norwegian, 1832 gt)
Norlom (Norwegian, 6412 gt)
Lom (Norwegian, 1268 gt)
Lwow (Polish, 1409 gt)
Puck (Polish, 1065 gt)
Frosinone (Italian, 5202 gt)
Barletta (Italian, 1975 gt)

OTHER:
Inaffondabile (Italian)
 
 
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